Monday, March 2, 2009
Saddam is married and have 5 children, 2 boys and 3 girls. Uday, the oldest son, was crippled in an assassination attempt, while the other, Qusay held the important positions of controlling both the elite Revolutionary Guards and the Special Forces which secured Saddam's grip on power. Biography
1937 April 28: Born in Auja, near the city of Tikrit, 200 km north of Baghdad, as the son of a landless peasant who died before Saddam's birth.
1956: Joined the Iraqi branch of the Arab Baath Socialist Party .
1958: Sentenced to prison for political activities against the regime, he spends 6 months in prison.
1959: Participates in the coup attempt against prime minister Abdul Karim Qassim, through which he receives a gunshot wound in his leg from the minister's bodyguards.— Escapes to Syria, and then to Egypt.
1960 February 25: Is sentenced to death in absentia.
1962: Finishes his secondary studies in Egypt.
1963 February 8: Returns to Iraq following the Ramadan revolution.— Joins the leadership of the Ba'th Party.
1964 October 14: Is arrested in a campaign against Ba'th Party members.
1966: While still in prison, Saddam is elected Deputy Secretary General of the Ba'th Party.
1967: Escapes from prison.
1968: Active in the two Ba'thist coups, July 17 and 30. Saddam assumes responsibility for internal security.— Graduates from the College of Law.
1969 November 9: Is formally elected Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council, in which he forms an alliance with his second cousin, Ahmad Hassan Bakr, the council's chairman.
1972 June 1: Leads the process of nationalizing the oil resources in Iraq, which had been in control by Western companies.
1975: Saddam signs the Algiers Accord with Iran (which among other issues, regulated the border question), an act indicating that his position was stronger than his ally Bakr.
1979 June: Saddam assumes the position of president, after he discovers that Bakr began negotiations on unity between Syria and Iraq. Bakr is stripped of all positions, and put under house arrest.
1980 September 17: Saddam terminates the border agreement of 1975 with Iran, hence provoking a war.— September 22: War starts against Iran, due to disputes over territories occupied by Iran in 1973.
1988: August 8: War against Iran ends, without changes in the borders.
1990 August 2: War against Kuwait resulting in a rapid occupation. This leads to strong international condemnation, and threats of intervention from US-lead forces.
1991 January 17: Intervention by the joint international forces in which more than 30 countries participate. This leads to a quick defeat for Iraq. .
1991. The sanctions soon result in a heavy decline in the Iraqi economy, reduction in food supplies, and poor public health services, but not a weaker position for Saddam.
1998: Saddam removes all personnel stationed in Iraq by the UN to control the military and the military industry.
2002 October 15: Iraq stages a presidential election,candidates than Saddam Hussein,
The election shows 100% of all votes for Saddam.
2003 March: US occupied iraq
2006 November 5: Saddam Hussein is taken to the court, the court sentenced to death by hanging. He appeals, and around Iraq different reactions to the sentence are displayed. December 30: Saddam Hussein is executed by hanging in a Baghdad prison.
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All rights reservedBy: Tore Kjeilen
Tuesday, December 23, 2008
Tuesday, May 6, 2008
Saddam was hanged on the first day of Eid al-Adha,December 30, 2006, despite his wish to be shot (which he felt would be more dignified).The execution was carried out at " Camp justice," an Iraqi army base in Kadhimiya, a neighborhood of northeast Baghdad. The execution was videotaped on a mobile phone, showing Saddam being taunted before his hanging. The video was leaked to electronic media, becoming the subject of global controversy.
Not long before the execution, Saddam's lawyers released his last letter:
|“||To the great nation, to the people of our country, and humanity, |
Many of you have known the writer of this letter to be faithful, honest, caring for others, wise, of sound judgment, just, decisive, careful with the wealth of the people and the state ... and that his heart is big enough to embrace all without discrimination.
You have known your brother and leader very well and he never bowed to the despots and, in accordance with the wishes of those who loved him, remained a sword and a banner.
This is how you want your brother, son or leader to be ... and those who will lead you (in the future) should have the same qualifications.
Here, I offer my soul to God as a sacrifice, and if He wants, He will send it to heaven with the martyrs, or, He will postpone that ... so let us be patient and depend on Him against the unjust nations.
Remember that God has enabled you to become an example of love, forgiveness and brotherly coexistence ... I call on you not to hate because hate does not leave a space for a person to be fair and it makes you blind and closes all doors of thinking and keeps away one from balanced thinking and making the right choice.
I also call on you not to hate the peoples of the other countries that attacked us and differentiate between the decision-makers and peoples. Anyone who repents - whether in Iraq or abroad - you must forgive him.
You should know that among the aggressors, there are people who support your struggle against the invaders, and some of them volunteered for the legal defence of prisoners, including Saddam Hussein ... some of these people wept profusely when they said goodbye to me.
Dear faithful people, I say goodbye to you, but I will be with the merciful God who helps those who take refuge in him and who will never disappoint any faithful, honest believer ... God is Great ... God is great ... Long live our nation ... Long live our great struggling people ... Long live Iraq, long live Iraq ... Long live Palestine ... Long live jihad and the mujahedeen (the insurgency).
Saddam Hussein President and Commander in Chief of the Iraqi Mujahed Armed Forces
Additional clarification note:
I have written this letter because the lawyers told me that the so-called criminal court — established and named by the invaders — will allow the so-called defendants the chance for a last word. But that court and its chief judge did not give us the chance to say a word, and issued its verdict without explanation and read out the sentence — dictated by the invaders — without presenting the evidence. I wanted the people to know this.
— Letter by Saddam Hussein
A transcript of the dialogue between Saddam and his executioners was published by theBBC and Al Jazeera:
[Saddam] God is Great. Palestine is Arab
[Voices] May God's blessings be upon Muhammad and his household.
[Voices] And may God hasten their appearance and curse their enemies.
[Voices] Muqtada [Al-Sadr]...Muqtada...Muqtada.
[Saddam] Muqtuda? (laughs) Are you men? Is this the bravery of Arabs?
[Voice] Long live .Muhammad Baqir al-sadr.
[Voice] To hell.
[Saddam] The hell that is Iraq? (Arabic: جحينب هو عراق Ghihyneb hew A'raq)
[Voice] You have destroyed us, killed all of us, our nation is ruined.
[Saddam] I helped you survive. Iraq is nothing without me!
[Voice] Please do not. The man is being executed. Please no, I beg you to stop.
[Saddam] (Recites Shahadah) There is no God but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God. There is no God but Allah and I testify that Muhammad...
At this point Saddam Hussein is seen dropping through the trap door and the sound of the trapdoor opening is heard in the background.
A second unofficial video, apparently showing Saddam's body on a trolley, emerged several days later. It sparked speculation that the execution was carried out incorrectly as Saddam Hussein had a massive gaping hole in his neck.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (April 28, 1937 – December 30, 2006) was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003.
A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic modernization, and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power. As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, Saddam tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces—at a time when many other groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government—by creating repressive security forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company, which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace.
As president, Saddam maintained power during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, Saddam repressed movements he considered threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians,United States leaders continued to view Saddam with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Captured by U.S. forces on December 13, 2003, Saddam was brought to trial under the Iraqi interim government set up by U.S.-led forces. On November 5, 2006, he was convicted of charges related to the executions of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites suspected of planning an assassination attempt against him, and was sentenced to death by hanging. Saddam was executed on December 30, 2006, with highly controversial video clips of him and his captors insulting each other and recorded by mobile phone posted on the Internet within hours.